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    英語語法 | 獨立主格詳細講解

    發布時間:2017-11-22 10:47:21作者:春喜外語來源:www.amjadzrana.com瀏覽量:
    (轉載請注明出處:春喜外語外教一對一、少兒外教一對一、在線英語培訓)

     本文章由春喜在線英語2017.11.22日編輯發布

             獨立主格結構是由名詞或代詞加上其他成分(分詞、不定式、名詞、代詞、形容詞、副詞或介詞短語)構成。        

     

    特點

     

    在語法上是一個獨立的短語,不是句子,在意思上依附于整個句子,具有以下特點:

     

    1、獨立主格結構的作用相當于狀語從句??杀硎緯r間、原因、條件、行為或者伴隨情況。

     

    2、獨立主格結構可置于句首,也可以放在句尾。

     

    3、獨立主格主要用于書面語。4獨立主格結構的邏輯主語與語法主語不同,不能指同一個人或者同一事物。

     

    若名詞/代詞與非謂語構成主動關系,用doing或having done;若名詞/代詞與非謂語構成被動關系,用done或having been done。having done與having been done 強調非謂語發生在主句謂語之前。

     

     

    結構


     

    1. 名詞/代詞+分詞(包括現在分詞和過去分詞):

      

    The boy ran quickly, his father following. (表示伴隨情況)

     

    He lay on his back, his hands crossed under his head. (表示伴隨情況)

     

    2.名詞/代詞+形容詞:

     

    They started home, their minds full of plans for increasing production. (表示伴隨情況)

     

    He was silent for a moment, his lips tight. (表示伴隨情況)

     

    3.名詞/代詞+副詞:

     

     

    He put on his socks, wrong side out. (表示補充說明)

     

    The war over, all the Chinese people’s volunteers came back to China. (表示補充說明)

     

    4.名詞/代詞+介詞(短語)

     

    She came in, a baby in her arms. (表示伴隨情況)

     

    He went off, gun in hand. (表示伴隨情況)

     

     

    主要用法

     

    1.表示時間:

     

    His homework done, Jim decided to go and see the play.

    =After his homework was done, he decided to go and see the play.

     

    2.表示原因:

     

    The last bus having gone, we had to walk home.

    =Because the last bus having gone, we had to walk home. 

     

    3.表示條件:

     

    Weather permitting, we’ll go for an outing tomorrow.

    =If weather permitting, we’ll go for an outing tomorrow.

     

    4.表示伴隨情況或伴隨狀況:

     

    They walked through the forest, an old hunter leading the way.

     

    5.表示補充說明:

     

    He lived in a wooden house with two rooms, one being a bedroom and the other being an office.

    =He lived in a wooden house with two rooms, one was a bedroom, the other was an office.


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